Effect of a Decision Aid on Access to Total Knee Replacement for Black Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Randomized Clinical Trial
An educational video on the risks and benefits of total knee replacement increased the rate of surgery among black patients, in a clinical trial of an intervention that could reduce known racial disparities in treatment of osteoarthritis.
In a NBER working paper, Howard Kunreuther and Mark Pauly analyze an individual’s decision to purchase insurance when given information about “low-probability high-consequence” events such as a hurricane. The authors conducted a web-based multi-period insurance purchasing experiment. Participants were told the probability and resulting losses of a hurricane occurring and were informed that these were stable from period to period. The authors contrast the model of informed expected utility maximization with alternative behavioral models of choice as explanations for what they observe. The...
Presentation on US Hospital Websites of Risks and Benefits of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Procedures
In JAMA Internal Medicine, Mariah Kincaid (Tufts University) and Penn colleagues Lee Fleisher and Mark Neuman assess how risks and benefits of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are communicated on hospital websites. TAVR was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis among carefully selected patients. Recent randomized clinical trials have identified important positive and negative outcomes of TAVR, including twice the risk of stroke for patients undergoing TAVR vs those undergoing open aortic valve...
By 2015, guns are projected to surpass car accidents as the leading cause of death among Americans aged 15 to 24. Despite these high rates of firearms-related morbidity — via homicide, suicide, and accidental death — researching gun violence in relation to public health has been a challenge.