Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)—or “Research Ethics Committees” (RECs) outside the United States—are charged with protecting human research subjects. However, the quality of IRB performance is rarely subject to the same scrutiny that the boards themselves apply to research projects. In AJOB Empirical Bioethics, we conducted the first systematic analysis of 10 IRB quality measurement tools.
Payment for research participation can raise ethical concerns and legal issues. But it can also raise scientific problems if it causes participants to lie about their eligibility or other things, like adverse events.