Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN is the Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, and The Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing and Professor of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Dr. Aiken conducts research on the health care workforce and quality of health care in the U.S. and globally. She co-directs RN4CAST, a European Union funded study of nurse workforce and quality of care in 12 European countries, China, and South Africa and directs RN4Cast-United States, a NINR-funded study of the outcomes of nursing care in hospitals, nursing homes, home care, and office-based practices. Her funded NIH research has received numerous awards including the Individual Codman Award from the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations for leadership utilizing performance measures to demonstrate relationships between nursing care and patient outcomes. She was honored with the Academy Health Distinguished Investigator Award, the William B. Graham Prize for Health Services Research, and the Episteme Award from Sigma Theta Tau International. Dr. Aiken is a former President of the American Academy of Nursing, Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing, a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, and a Fellow in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.