Access To Clean Water and Urinary Tract Infections in Haitian Women

Abstract [from journal]

Objectives: Access to clean water is a global concern. For women living in developing countries, the lack of clean water increases their risk of bacterial infections, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI). The purpose of this study was to examine if the location of water source has a relationship with the rate of UTIs in women who lived in the Léogâne area of Haiti.

Design: Descriptive, correlational, retrospective chart review used de‐identified data from medical intake flow sheets.

Sample: A total of 311 medical intake flowsheets with 32.4% of the sample were treated for a UTI. The majority of women were between the ages of 20 and 44 years.

Results: The youngest group, ages 10–14 years, were more likely (83.3%) to be diagnosed with a UTI (X2 = 7.956, df = 3, p < .05) when compared to the other age groups. The location of water source also had a relationship with UTI, with women who reported using pump water more likely to be treated for a UTI than those who reported using short‐well water (X2 = 4.318, df = 1, p < .05).

Conclusions: Although the study only involved Haitian women, the concepts of access to clean water, reducing bacterial infections such as a UTI, and health promotion are useful for any provider practicing in or going to a developing country.