The association between urban tree cover and gun assault: a case-control and case-crossover study

In American Journal of Epidemiology, Michelle Kondo and colleagues, including Eugenia South, Therese Richmond, and Douglas Wiebe, investigate relationships between being in urban green space and experiencing gun violence. The authors conducted interviews with Philadelphia males aged 10-24, including victims of gun violence. They used statistical analyses to compare tree locations with gun assaults. They found that, when participants were under tree cover, they were less likely to experience gun violence. Numerous analyses and comparative models confirmed that being under tree cover was inversely associated with gunshot assault, especially in low-income areas. The authors suggest that increases in urban greening and tree cover in low-income areas be explored as proactive strategies to decrease urban violence.