Attitudes On Prophylactic Antibiotic Use In Dermatologic Surgery: A Survey Study Of American College Of Mohs Surgery Members

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Antibiotic prescriptions associated with dermatologic surgical visits are increasing and prescribing practices vary among surgeons.

Objective: To describe dermatologic surgeons' attitudes and practices regarding prophylactic antibiotic use for surgical site infection (SSI), to compare current prescribing practices to those of a 2012 survey, and to determine surgeons' interest in clinical trial data on the utility of prophylactic antibiotics.

Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional online survey of the American College of Mohs Surgery (ACMS) members. Survey items were adapted from a 2012 survey of ACMS members.

Results: The survey was initiated by 101 ACMS members. 75.25% (76/101) of surgeons reported routinely prescribing prophylactic antibiotics to reduce SSI risk. The use of prophylactic antibiotics varied with clinical scenario. Most providers (84.21%, 64/76) prescribe postoperative antibiotics, with an average course of 6.56 days. 40.21% (39/97) of respondents were uncertain if prophylaxis prevents SSI, and up to 90.63% (87/96) indicated interest in clinical trial data evaluating the efficacy of oral antibiotics for SSI prevention.

Conclusion: Dermatologic surgeons continue to report varied attitudes and practices for SSI prophylaxis. Evidence from clinical trials is desired by surgeons to guide clinical practice.