Abstract [from journal]
Despite reductions in smoking rates in the general population, little is known about recent smoking trends among people living with HIV (PLWH). We compared the risk for smoking and temporal trends in smoking among PLWH and the general population in the Philadelphia metropolitan area between 2009 and 2014. We used weighted logistic regression to assess the relation between HIV and smoking, and examined temporal smoking trends. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for smoking comparing PLWH to the general population was 1.80 (95% CI 1.55-2.09) after adjusting for socio-economic, demographic, and mental health diagnosis variables. Smoking prevalence decreased in both the PLWH and general populations during the study period, and we did not observe a significant difference in rates of decline between groups (P = 0.54). Despite overall progress in smoking cessation, a disparity persisted in smoking rates between PLWH and the general population, with and without adjustment for socio-economic, demographic, and mental health variables. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms linking HIV and tobacco use in order to inform public health efforts to reduce smoking among PLWH.