Trends in Oral Anticoagulant Co-Prescription With Antiepileptic Drugs Among Adults With Epilepsy, 2010–2018

Abstract [from journal]

Treatment considerations for epilepsy patients requiring anticoagulation are changing, and actual prescribing practices have not been characterized. We used the 2010-2018 Optum Clinformatics® Data Mart Database to estimate the annual prevalence and distinguish the patterns of oral anticoagulants (OACs) co-dispensed with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) among adults with epilepsy. Monotonic trends were assessed using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (ρ). Multivariable logistic regression models were built to evaluate the associations of sociodemographic characteristics. Among 345,892 adults with epilepsy (56.5% female; median age 61, IQR 46-74) on studied AEDs, the prevalence per thousand of concurrent OACs increased from 58.4 in 2010 to 92.0 in 2018 (OR 1.63, CI 1.58-1.69). Direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOAC) use rapidly increased from 2010 to 2018 (ρ = 1.00; P < 0.001), with a corresponding decrease in warfarin use (ρ = -0.97; P < 0.001). Among OAC/AED dispensings in 2018, warfarin was more likely to be co-dispensed with potentially interacting, enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EI-AEDs) versus presumably non-interacting, non-enzyme inducing antiepileptic drugs (OR 1.48, CI 1.38-1.59). Characteristics independently associated with concurrent OAC/EI-AED use included younger age, female sex, white race, net worth <$250 K, and lower education levels. Our findings demonstrate the expanding use and evolving patterns of OAC/AED co-dispensing, and ensuing critical need to further understanding regarding postulated interactions.