Use of Web-Based Parent-Adolescent Health Promotion Program among Puerto Ricans

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Despite positive attitudes of Latinos using the Internet and the increased availability of health information resources, few studies have been conducted that examine actual use and barriers to web-based health information.

Objective: To examine whether select sociodemographic factors and technology factors (e.g., computer and Internet access) predicted use of a web-based, parent–adolescent sexual communication program or a physical activity program, entitled Cuídalos, among Puerto Rican parents.

Methods: This study uses data from a randomized controlled trial designed to examine the long-term effectiveness of Cuídalos. Parents were recruited from community-based and school sites throughout Puerto Rico, and randomly assigned to a web-based, parent–adolescent sexual communication (n = 245) or a physical activity (n = 247) program. Parents were instructed to complete the two session program within one week and had access to the program for a period of three months. Outcomes in this secondary analysis were the number of logins and self-reported access during the three-month period. Reasons for not accessing the program after the three-month period were assessed.

Results: Self-reported access after completion of the Cuídalos program and the actual number of logins over the intervention period were low. There were no statistically significant differences in the number of logins between parents who accessed Cuídalos during the three-month timeframe and those who did not (p = .28). Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that the odds of accessing Cuídalos during the three-month period was 72% higher (OR = 1.72, 95% CI 1.08 – 2.75) among parents with a high school education or less, as compared to parents with a college education (p = .02). Similarly, Poisson regression model results indicated that with every year increase in age, the expected number of logins increased by 1% (RR = 1.01, 95% CI 1.00–1.02); compared to those who accessed the program at home, the expected number of logins ranged from 10%-27% lower for parents accessing elsewhere. Reasons for not accessing the program during the three-month period included not having easy access to a computer (n = 134, 48.6%), or they did not know how to access the program again (n = 56, 20.3%).

Discussion: Despite the availability of web-based and e-health resources, further research is needed to identify how to facilitate greater access and actual use of digital health resources by Latinos. This is an important effort in order to prevent a widening health equity gap caused by a lack of access and use of digital health resources.