Using Medicare Claims In Identifying Alzheimer's Disease And Related Dementias

Abstract [form journal]

Introduction: This study develops a measure of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) using Medicare claims.

Methods: Validation resembles the approach of the American Psychological Association, including (1) content validity, (2) construct validity, and (3) predictive validity.

Results: We found that four items-a Medicare claim recording ADRD 1 year ago, 2 years ago, 3 years ago, and a total stay of 6 months in a nursing home-exhibit a pattern of association consistent with a single underlying ADRD construct, and presence of any two of these four items predict a direct measure of cognitive function and also future claims for ADRD.

Discussion: Our four items are internally consistent with the measurement of a single quantity. The presence of any two items do a better job than a single claim when predicting both a direct measure of cognitive function and future ADRD claims.