Disease Prevention / Health Promotion

Interventions, education and incentives that promote healthy behaviors and improve health outcomes.

Promoting Self-care Among African Immigrants with Chronic Diseases

Jun. 10, 2021

As African immigrants settle in Europe and the United States, they experience rising rates of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, at levels not seen in their home countries. Self-care is key to managing these chronic illnesses, but this population may face cultural and societal challenges to adherence to recommended health practices.

How Diet May Alter Risk of Periodontal Disease

Mar. 24, 2021

Can your overall diet, or specific foods, affect your risk for periodontal (gum) disease? The answer has major public health implications, since periodontal disease affects 47% of adults over the age of 30 in the United States and has an indirect economic cost of over $123 billion.

Health Screening for Emerging and Non-Communicable Disease Burdens Among the Global Poor

Research Brief
Jan. 26, 2021

Among adults in rural Malawi, population health screening for high blood pressure (BP) led to a 22-percentage point drop in the likelihood of being hypertensive four years later. Individuals with elevated BP received a referral letter upon initial screening; at follow-up, they had lower BP and higher self-reported mental health than individuals with similar BP who were just below the threshold for referral. Population health screenings can reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases in low-income countries.

Predicting Survival After Liver Transplantation in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Using the LiTES-HCC Score

David Goldberg, MD, MSCE
Jan. 13, 2021

David Goldberg, Alejandro Mantero, Craig Newcomb, Cindy Delgado, Kimberly A. Forde, David E. Kaplan, Binu John, Nadine Nuchovich, Barbara Dominguez, Ezekiel EmanuelPeter P. Reese

Abstract [from journal]

Background & aims: Liver transplant priority in the US and Europe follows the 'sickest-first 'principle. However, for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), priority is based on binary tumor criteria (e.g., Milan) to expedite transplant for patients with 'acceptable' post-transplant outcomes. Newer risk scores developed to overcome limitations of these binary criteria (e.g., Metroticket, HALT-HCC) are insufficient to be used for waitlist priority as they focus solely on HCC-related pre-transplant variables

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Clarifying the Role of the Modern General Surgeon: The Effect of Specialization on Inpatient Practice Patterns in General Surgery

Jan. 13, 2021

Catherine L. Mavroudis, Christopher Wirtalla, Jason Tong, Ezra S. Brooks, Cary B. Aarons, Rachel R. Kelz

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: The growing concentration of fellowship-trained and integrated residency-trained subspecialty surgeons has encroached on the breadth and volume of a so-called "true" general surgery practice, leaving the role of new general surgeons in flux. We aimed to describe the surgical practice of new general surgeons with and without subspecialty fellowship training.

Design: In this retrospective cohort study, state discharge data was linked to American Medical Association Masterfile and

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Prior Sexually Transmitted Infection and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Perception in a Diverse At-Risk Population of Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Individuals

Jan. 4, 2021

Daniel Resnick, Knashawn Morales, Robert Gross, Danielle Petsis, Danielle Fiore, Annet Davis-Vogel, David Metzger, Ian Frank, Sarah Wood

Abstract [from journal]

Prior sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with higher rates of subsequent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but the influence of prior STIs on perceived vulnerability to HIV remains unclear. We aimed to assess this relationship, hypothesizing that a prior STI diagnosis is associated with higher self-assessed vulnerability to HIV. We performed a cross-sectional study of men and transgender individuals who have sex with men screening for HIV prevention trials in Philadelphia. An unadjusted regression

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The Healthy Food Marketing Strategies Study: Design, Baseline Characteristics, and Supermarket Compliance

Karen Glanz
Dec. 31, 2020

Karen Glanz, Annie Chung, Knashawn H. Morales, Pui L. Kwong, Douglas Wiebe, Donna Paulhamus Giordano, Colleen M. Brensinger, Allison Karpyn

Abstract [from journal]

Identifying effective strategies to promote healthy eating and reduce obesity is a priority in the USA, especially among low-income and minority groups, who often have less access to healthy food and higher rates of obesity. Efforts to improve food access have led to more supermarkets in low-income, ethnically diverse neighborhoods. However, this alone may not be enough to reduce food insecurity and improve residents' diet quality and health. This paper summarizes the design, methods, baseline findings, and supermarket in-store

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