Disparities and Health Equity

The differences in ability to access health care and in health outcomes across the population.

Racial Bias in Mortality Prediction Scores

Mar. 31, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to face many uncomfortable realities. As critical care physicians, my colleagues and I work in intensive care units (ICUs) that have grown to accommodate the large numbers of patients who have become seriously ill from COVID-19 during the past year. However, the specter of scarcity has been looming. We know that a day may come when there are not enough ICU beds or ventilators for all the patients who need them.

How Medical Schools Perpetuate Physician Bias

Feb. 8, 2021

[Editor’s note: In a recent New England Journal of Medicine article, a team of researchers highlighted misrepresentations of race in U.S. medical school courses, and recommended ways to address the systemic racism that produces and reproduces these inaccuracies.

Nurse Staffing and Outcomes of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Jan. 27, 2021

In-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) are catastrophic and often terminal events. Despite improvements in resuscitation efforts, fewer than 25% of patients who experience an IHCA  survive to discharge. Survival varies significantly across hospitals and by race. Racial disparities in IHCA survival have been linked, in part, to the quality of care during hospitalization.

Black-White Disparities in Maternal In-Hospital Mortality According to Teaching and Black-Serving Hospital Status

Jan. 13, 2021

Heather H. Burris, Molly Passarella, Sara C. HandleySindhu K. SrinivasScott A. Lorch

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Maternal mortality is higher among Black compared to White people in the United States. Whether Black-White disparities in maternal in-hospital mortality during the delivery hospitalization vary across hospital types (Black-serving vs. non-Black-serving and teaching vs. non-teaching) and whether overall maternal mortality differs across hospital types is not known.

Objectives: 1) Determine whether risk-adjusted Black-White disparities in maternal mortality during the delivery