The form and manner in which health professionals are educated and trained to develop the necessary competencies to serve the needs of the population.

Perspectives on State Vaccine Education Mandate Policy and Implementation among Public Health Department Officials: A Qualitative Study

Kristen Feemster, MD, MPH, MSHP
Aug. 19, 2019

Holden Caplan, Tuhina Srivastava, Kristen A. Feemster

Abstract [from journal]

In response to the increase in non-medical vaccine exemptions (NME), many states have adopted education mandates (EM), required vaccine education for parents requesting NMEs for their school-age children, but these EMs vary greatly in implementation. In order to learn about the administrative aspects of each state's EM, we interviewed fourteen health department officials from nine states with EMs. Interviews were conducted over the phone, transcribed by a professional transcription service, and double-coded using NVivo 12 by two members of the study


Do Student Characteristics Affect Teachers' Decisions to Use 1:1 Instruction?

Jul. 1, 2019

Heather J. Nuske, Melanie Pellecchia, Viktor Lushin, Keiran Rump, Max Seidman, Rachel R. Ouellette, Diana Cooney, Brenna B. Maddox, Gwendolyn M. Lawson, Amber Song, Erica M. Reisinger, David S. Mandell

Abstract [from journal]

One-to-one instruction is a critical component of evidence-based instruction for students with autism spectrum disorder, but is not used as often as recommended. Student characteristics may affect teachers' decisions to select a treatment and/or implement it. This study examined the associations between students' clinical and demographic characteristics and teachers' reported use of discrete trial training (DTT) and pivotal response training (PRT). Children's higher sensory symptoms, lower social approach, lower verbal skills and higher self-


Do Longer Shifts Affect Residents’ Sleep or Patient Safety?

Mar. 25, 2019

Do residents need more sleep? Two new studies in the New England Journal of Medicine compare the effects of standard versus flexible duty-hours on residents’ sleep and patient safety.

The iCOMPARE trial randomized 63 internal medicine residency programs, consisting of over 5,000 trainees, to standard duty-hour policies or flexible policies. All programs were held to an 80-hour work week, but flexible policies had no limits on shift lengths and did not mandate time off between shifts.

Four Dozen Penn Faculty and Their Undergrad Minority Research Mentees

Sep. 11, 2018
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