The form and manner in which health professionals are educated and trained to develop the necessary competencies to serve the needs of the population.

Assessing Contemporary Trends In Female Speakership Within Urologic Oncology

Aug. 13, 2020

Ruchika Talwar, Adrien Bernstein, Amanda Jones, Juanita Crook, Andrea B. Apolo, Jennifer M. Taylor, Lauren M. Burke, Elizabeth R. Plimack, Sima P. Porten, Kirsten L. Greene, Sarah P. Psutka, Angela B. Smith

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: To evaluate multidisciplinary female representation at urologic oncology conferences, we reviewed speakership trends at contemporary Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) and American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Symposium (GU-ASCO) annual meetings.

Methods: Meeting programs from SUO and GU-ASCO from 2015 to 2019 were analyzed. Biographical information was determined by querying institutional websites and social/professional media platforms. Statistical analyses were


Sex-Based Differences In Screening And Recognition Of Pre-diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes In Pediatric Primary Care

Mary Ellen Vajravelu, MD, MSHP
Jul. 26, 2020

Mary Ellen Vajravelu, Joyce M. Lee, Sandra Amaral, Andrea Kelly

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Risk-based screening for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth with overweight/obesity is recommended, but rates remain low in practice. Identification of factors impacting provider ordering and patient completion of testing may guide strategies to improve screening.

Objective: To evaluate predictors of hemoglobin A1c (A1c)-based T2D screening in pediatric primary care.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 10 to 18 year-old patients with overweight/


Partners In School: An Implementation Strategy To Promote Alignment Of Evidence-Based Practices Across Home And School For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Jul. 11, 2020

Gazi F. Azad, Kyla E. Minton, David S. Mandell, Rebecca J. Landa

Abstract [from journal]

When parents and teachers align their practices across home and school, it may optimize services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Partners in School is a multi-faceted implementation strategy designed to improve ASD services in schools. The goal is to increase parents' and teachers' use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) and to align those EBPs across settings. We piloted Partners in School with 49 parent-teacher dyads to assess administration and the factors associated with reported fidelity to the model.


Post-Mastectomy Breast Reconstruction: Reducing The Disparity Through Educational Outreach To The Underserved

Carmen Guerra, MD
Jun. 26, 2020

Olatomide Familusi, Arturo J. Rios-Diaz, Estifanos D. Tilahun, Jessica R. Cunning, Robyn B. Broach, Ari D. Brooks, Carmen E. Guerra, Paris D. Butler

Abstract [from journal]

Purpose: Poor health literacy and awareness are thought to be some of the major contributors to existing racial/ethnic disparities in access to breast reconstruction after mastectomy. This study aimed to determine whether physician led, community-based educational symposium improves understanding of breast cancer care and breast reconstruction in underserved populations.

Methods: Annual educational symposiums were held between 2017 and 2019 in underserved communities in the greater Philadelphia


Clinical Exposure To Cardiothoracic Surgery For Medical Students And General Surgery Residents

Jun. 7, 2020

Maxwell F. Kilcoyne, Chi Chi Do-Nguyen, Jason J. Han, Garrett N. Coyan, Ibrahim Sultan, Michael B. Roberts, Andrea J. Carpenter

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The introduction of integrated 6-year cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) residency programs has shifted recruitment efforts to encompass not only general surgery (GS) residents, but also medical students.

Objective: The aim of this paper is to assess medical student and GS resident clinical exposure to CTS.

Design: Data from the Association of American Medical Colleges Visiting Student Application Service and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education


The Role Of The Interview In Residency Selection: A Mixed Methods Study

May. 20, 2020

Emily K B Gordon, Justin T Clapp, Sarah J Heins, Timothy G Gaulton, Meghan B Lane-Fall, Jaya Aysola, Dimitri Y Baranov, Lee A Fleisher

Abstract [from journal]

Context: Residency programs invest considerable time and resources in candidate interviews due to their perceived ability to reveal important social traits. However, studies examining the ability of interviews to predict resident performance have shown mixed findings, and the role that the interview plays in candidate evaluation remain unclear. This mixed methods study, conducted in an anesthesiology residency program at a large academic medical center, examines how interviews contributed to candidate


Prevalence of Burnout in Occupational and Environmental Medicine Physicians in the United States

Judith McKenzie, MD, MPH
May. 11, 2020

Judith Green-McKenzie, Parvathi Somasundaram, Timothy Lawler, Edward O'Hara, Frances S. Shofer

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: To determine prevalence and key drivers of burnout in Occupational and Environmental Medicine physicians in the US.

Methods: A nationwide survey of Occupational Medicine physicians was conducted using the Qualtrics® platform. Burnout, measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory®, Social Support and Job Satisfaction were assessed.

Results: The response rate was 46%, the overall burnout prevalence 38% and most respondents were male (69%). The mean age and mean years in practice were 56...

Voices in Evidence-Based Newborn Care: A How-to-Guide on Developing a Parent-Facing Podcast

Raina Merchant
Dec. 20, 2019

Joanna Parga-Belinkie, Raina M. Merchant

Abstract [from journal]

Podcasting is becoming a more popular form of media. Its use in medical education is being researched-but what about its use in public education? In this tutorial, the authors offer a how-to-guide on starting a public or patient-facing podcast. The authors hope to inspire more physicians to utilize this type of media to share evidence-based information. More research is needed looking into how podcasting can be used to help with patient education.

Public Libraries as Partners in Confronting the Overdose Crisis: A Qualitative Analysis

Dec. 18, 2019

Margaret Lowenstein, Rachel Feuersteun-Simon, Risha Sheni, Roxanne Dupuis, Eliza Whiteman Kinsey, Xochitl Luna Marti, Carolyn Cannuscio

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The overdose crisis is affecting public libraries. In a 2017 survey of public librarians, half reported providing patrons support regarding substance use and mental health in the previous month, and 12% reported on-site drug overdose at their library in the previous year. Given the magnitude of the overdose crisis and the fact that public libraries host 1.4 billion visits annually, our aim was to understand how libraries currently assist with substance use and overdose and how they can further address these