Education

The form and manner in which health professionals are educated and trained to develop the necessary competencies to serve the needs of the population.

Are There Birth Cohort Effects in Disparities in Child Obesity by Maternal Education?

Christopher B. Forrest, MD, PhD
Dec. 18, 2020

Félice Lê-Scherban, Jeffrey Moore, Irene Headen, Levon Utidjian, Yuzhe Zhao, Christopher B. Forrest

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Children belonging to the same birth cohort (i.e., born in the same year) experience shared exposure to a common obesity-related milieu during the critical early years of development-e.g., secular beliefs and feeding practices, adverse chemical exposures, food access and nutrition assistance policies-that set the stage for a shared trajectory of obesity as they mature. Fundamental cause theory suggests that inequitable distribution of recent efforts to stem the rise in child obesity may exacerbate cohort-

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Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Training: Global Perceptions Of Gastroenterology And Hepatology Fellows In The USA

Oct. 19, 2020

Kofi Clarke, Mohammad Bilal, Sergio A. Sánchez-Luna, Shannon Dalessio, Jennifer L. Maranki, Shazia Mehmood Siddique

Abstract [from Digestive Diseases and Sciences]

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted numerous facets of healthcare workers' lives. There have also been significant changes in Gastroenterology (GI) fellowship training as a result of the challenges presented by the pandemic.

Aims: We conducted a national survey of Gastroenterology fellows to evaluate fellows' perceptions, changes in clinical duties, and education during the pandemic.

Methods: A survey was sent to Gastroenterology (GI)

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Promotion Of Clinical Educators: A Critical Need In Academic Family Medicine

Peter Cronholm, MD, MSCE
Oct. 1, 2020

Christine K. Jacobs, Kelly M. Everard, Peter F. Cronholm

Abstract [from journal]

Background and objectives: Academic family medicine departments have traditionally promoted faculty using research and scholarship criteria augmented by teaching, clinical care, and service. Clinic-focused faculty who spend significant time in direct patient care may not have enough time to meet promotion criteria, although they are critical for training future family physicians and for rebalancing the system of academic promotion.

Methods: We surveyed family medicine department chairs on the

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Assessing Contemporary Trends In Female Speakership Within Urologic Oncology

Aug. 13, 2020

Ruchika Talwar, Adrien Bernstein, Amanda Jones, Juanita Crook, Andrea B. Apolo, Jennifer M. Taylor, Lauren M. Burke, Elizabeth R. Plimack, Sima P. Porten, Kirsten L. Greene, Sarah P. Psutka, Angela B. Smith

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: To evaluate multidisciplinary female representation at urologic oncology conferences, we reviewed speakership trends at contemporary Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) and American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Symposium (GU-ASCO) annual meetings.

Methods: Meeting programs from SUO and GU-ASCO from 2015 to 2019 were analyzed. Biographical information was determined by querying institutional websites and social/professional media platforms. Statistical analyses were

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Sex-Based Differences In Screening And Recognition Of Pre-diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes In Pediatric Primary Care

Mary Ellen Vajravelu, MD, MSHP
Jul. 26, 2020

Mary Ellen Vajravelu, Joyce M. Lee, Sandra Amaral, Andrea Kelly

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Risk-based screening for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth with overweight/obesity is recommended, but rates remain low in practice. Identification of factors impacting provider ordering and patient completion of testing may guide strategies to improve screening.

Objective: To evaluate predictors of hemoglobin A1c (A1c)-based T2D screening in pediatric primary care.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 10 to 18 year-old patients with overweight/

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Partners In School: An Implementation Strategy To Promote Alignment Of Evidence-Based Practices Across Home And School For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Jul. 11, 2020

Gazi F. Azad, Kyla E. Minton, David S. Mandell, Rebecca J. Landa

Abstract [from journal]

When parents and teachers align their practices across home and school, it may optimize services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Partners in School is a multi-faceted implementation strategy designed to improve ASD services in schools. The goal is to increase parents' and teachers' use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) and to align those EBPs across settings. We piloted Partners in School with 49 parent-teacher dyads to assess administration and the factors associated with reported fidelity to the model.

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Post-Mastectomy Breast Reconstruction: Reducing The Disparity Through Educational Outreach To The Underserved

Carmen Guerra, MD
Jun. 26, 2020

Olatomide Familusi, Arturo J. Rios-Diaz, Estifanos D. Tilahun, Jessica R. Cunning, Robyn B. Broach, Ari D. Brooks, Carmen E. Guerra, Paris D. Butler

Abstract [from journal]

Purpose: Poor health literacy and awareness are thought to be some of the major contributors to existing racial/ethnic disparities in access to breast reconstruction after mastectomy. This study aimed to determine whether physician led, community-based educational symposium improves understanding of breast cancer care and breast reconstruction in underserved populations.

Methods: Annual educational symposiums were held between 2017 and 2019 in underserved communities in the greater Philadelphia

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Clinical Exposure To Cardiothoracic Surgery For Medical Students And General Surgery Residents

Jun. 7, 2020

Maxwell F. Kilcoyne, Chi Chi Do-Nguyen, Jason J. Han, Garrett N. Coyan, Ibrahim Sultan, Michael B. Roberts, Andrea J. Carpenter

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The introduction of integrated 6-year cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) residency programs has shifted recruitment efforts to encompass not only general surgery (GS) residents, but also medical students.

Objective: The aim of this paper is to assess medical student and GS resident clinical exposure to CTS.

Design: Data from the Association of American Medical Colleges Visiting Student Application Service and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education

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The Role Of The Interview In Residency Selection: A Mixed Methods Study

May. 20, 2020

Emily K B Gordon, Justin T Clapp, Sarah J Heins, Timothy G Gaulton, Meghan B Lane-Fall, Jaya Aysola, Dimitri Y Baranov, Lee A Fleisher

Abstract [from journal]

Context: Residency programs invest considerable time and resources in candidate interviews due to their perceived ability to reveal important social traits. However, studies examining the ability of interviews to predict resident performance have shown mixed findings, and the role that the interview plays in candidate evaluation remain unclear. This mixed methods study, conducted in an anesthesiology residency program at a large academic medical center, examines how interviews contributed to candidate

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Prevalence of Burnout in Occupational and Environmental Medicine Physicians in the United States

Judith McKenzie, MD, MPH
May. 11, 2020

Judith Green-McKenzie, Parvathi Somasundaram, Timothy Lawler, Edward O'Hara, Frances S. Shofer

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: To determine prevalence and key drivers of burnout in Occupational and Environmental Medicine physicians in the US.

Methods: A nationwide survey of Occupational Medicine physicians was conducted using the Qualtrics® platform. Burnout, measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory®, Social Support and Job Satisfaction were assessed.

Results: The response rate was 46%, the overall burnout prevalence 38% and most respondents were male (69%). The mean age and mean years in practice were 56...

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