Implementation Science

Implementation Science research guides the implementation of evidence-based interventions across a range of healthcare settings.

Seeking Consensus on the Terminology of Value-Based Transformation Through use of a Delphi Process

Marilyn M. Schapira, MD, MPH
Oct. 29, 2019

Marilyn M. Schapira, Meredith Williams, Alan Balch, Richard J. Baron, Patricia Barrett, Roy Beveridge, Tracie Collins, Susan C. Day, Rushika Fernandopulle, Anders M. Gilberg, Douglas E. Henley, Amy Nguyen Howell, Christine Laine, Christina Miller, Jaewon Ryu, Donald F....

Abstract [from journal]

Collaboration among diverse stakeholders involved in the value transformation of health care requires consistent use of terminology. The objective of this study was to reach consensus definitions for the terms value-based care, value-based payment, and population health. A modified Delphi process was conducted from February 2017 to July 2017. An in-person panel meeting was followed by 3 rounds of surveys. Panelists anonymously rated individual components of definitions and full definitions on a 9-point Likert scale. Definitions were modified in an


Scoping implementation science for the beginner: locating yourself on the "subway line" of translational research.

Meghan Lane-Fall, MD, MSHP, Penn Medicine
Jun. 28, 2019

Meghan B. Lane-Fall, Geoffrey M. Curran and Rinad S. Beidas

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Beginners to the discipline of implementation science often struggle to determine whether their research questions "count" as implementation science.

Main Text: In this paper, three implementation scientists share a heuristic tool to help investigators determine where their research questions fall in the translational research continuum. They use a "subway model" that envisions a journey to implementation research with stops along the way at efficacy and effectiveness research.


Implementation Mapping: Using Intervention Mapping to Develop Implementation Strategies.

Rinad Beidas head shot
Jun. 18, 2019

Maria E. Fernandez, Gill A. ten Hoor, Sanne van Lieshout, Serena A. Rodriguez, Rinad S. Beidas, Guy Parcel, Robert A. C. Ruiter, Christine M. Markham, and Gerjo Kok

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The ultimate impact of a health innovation depends not only on its effectiveness but also on its reach in the population and the extent to which it is implemented with high levels of completeness and fidelity. Implementation science has emerged as the potential solution to the failure to translate evidence from research into effective practice and policy evident in many fields. Implementation scientists have developed many frameworks, theories and models, which describe implementation determinants, processes, or outcomes;


Individual and Organizational Factors that Affect Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices for Children with Autism in Public Schools: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study

Mar. 18, 2019

Jill Locke, Gwendolyn M. Lawson, Rinad S. Beidas, Gregory A. Aarons, Ming Xie, Aaron R. Lyon, Aubyn Stahmer, Max Seidman, Lindsay Frederick, Cristine Oh, Christine Spaulding, Shannon Dorsey and...


Background: Children with autism receive most of their intervention services in public schools, but implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for autism varies. Studies suggest that individual (attitudes) and organizational characteristics (implementation leadership and climate) may influence providers’ use of EBPs, but research is relatively limited in this area. This study examined individual and organizational factors associated