Nursing

The supply, distribution, certifications, and scope of practice of the 2.8 million RNs (including advanced practice RNs) and 690,000 licensed practical nurses currently in practice.

Lower Postsurgical Mortality for Individuals with Dementia with Better-Educated Hospital Workforce

Research Brief
Apr. 11, 2018

Surgical patients age 65 and over with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD) were more likely to die within 30 days of admission and to die after a complication than those without ADRD. Having better-educated nurses in the hospital improved the likelihood of good outcomes for all surgical patients, but had a much greater effect in individuals with ADRD. Specifically, a 10% increase in the proportion of nurses with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree or higher was associated with 10% lower odds of death and 10% lower odds of dying after a complication for surgical patients with ADRD.

Infants in Drug Withdrawal: A National Description of Nurse Workload, Infant Acuity, and Parental Needs

Feb. 1, 2018

Jessica G. Smith, Jeannette A. Rogowski, Kathryn M. Schoenauer, ...

In the Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, Jessica Smith and colleagues, including Jeannette Rogowski and Eileen Lake, investigate how infants in drug withdrawal compare with nondrug withdrawal infants to inform proper nurse assignments based on infant acuity and parental needs. Though not commonly recognized, a troubling aspect of the opioid epidemic is increased drug use among pregnant women, which has led to an increase in infants who are...

Patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses in England: an observational study

Jan. 11, 2018

Linda H. Aiken, Douglas M. Sloane, Jane Ball, Luk Bruyneel, Anne Marie Rafferty, Peter Griffiths

In BMJ Open, Linda Aiken and colleagues examine how patient perceptions of hospital care are associated with confidence in nurses and doctors, nurse staffing levels, and hospital work environments in National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in England. The authors use national survey data from over 66,000 hospital patients and nearly 3,000 inpatient nurses for their analysis.

The authors find that patients have a high level of trust and confidence in RNs, but only 60 percent of patients indicated that there were enough RNs to care for them. The importance of adequate RN...

New OECD Report Highlights Expanded Primary Care Role for Nurses

Jan. 9, 2018

To meet population health care needs in developed countries, health systems must shift their focus from treating acute episodes to managing chronic conditions. With the rise of chronic care comes a new set of tasks that are more time-consuming and team-oriented. Policymakers in many countries are seeking to align the size and composition of their primary care workforce to meet these new needs, by expanding the role of advanced nurses.

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