Physicians

The supply, distribution, specialty mix, and other characteristics of the nearly 900,000 professionally-active U.S. physicians

Do Longer Shifts Affect Residents’ Sleep or Patient Safety?

Mar. 25, 2019

Do residents need more sleep? Two new studies in the New England Journal of Medicine compare the effects of standard versus flexible duty-hours on residents’ sleep and patient safety.

The iCOMPARE trial randomized 63 internal medicine residency programs, consisting of over 5,000 trainees, to standard duty-hour policies or flexible policies. All programs were held to an 80-hour work week, but flexible policies had no limits on shift lengths and did not mandate time off between shifts.

Patient Awareness of Industry Payments to Physicians

Mar. 14, 2019

When patients see their doctors, they expect that their health and clinical needs will be the main drivers of decisions regarding treatment. However, studies have shown that other factors may influence clinical decisions, such as doctors' interactions and relationships with drug companies. So what can patients do if they want to learn about these influences when choosing who will care for them?

Physician-Industry Interactions: Persuasion and Welfare

Aug. 2, 2018

Matthew Grennan, Kyle Myers, Ashley Swanson, Aaron Chatterji

ABSTRACT [FROM JOURNAL]

In markets where consumers seek expert advice regarding purchases, firms seek to influence experts, raising concerns about biased advice. Assessing firm-expert interactions requires identifying their causal impact on demand, amidst frictions like market power. We study pharmaceutical firms' payments to physicians, leveraging instrumental variables based on regional spillovers from hospitals' conflict-of-interest policies and market shocks due to patent expiration. We find that the average payment increases prescribing of the focal drug by 73 percent. Our...

Factors Associated With Pediatrician Responses to Alternative Immunization Schedule Requests

Jul. 24, 2018

Abstract [from journal]

We conducted a cross-sectional online survey among 4 chapters of the American Academy of Pediatrics from July through October 2014 to describe characteristics of pediatricians and practices associated with practice-level responses to alternative immunization schedule requests. Among 374 pediatricians, 58% reported frequent alternative immunization schedule requests and 24% reported feeling comfortable using them. Pediatricians who work in practices that accommodate alternative immunization schedule requests have increased odds of having a

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