Primary Care

The entry point into the health system for most individuals, through a provider that delivers non-specialized, continuous, and coordinated care.

Do Incentive Payments Improve Home-Based Primary Care?

Feb. 4, 2020

After five years, a small experiment to improve care for frail elderly patients receiving primary care at home has delivered some savings to Medicare—although it might be too small to know for sure. Authorized by the Affordable Care Act, the Independence at Home (IAH) Demonstration is part of a broader strategy of testing innovative ways to pay for value in health care—tying additional payment to higher quality care and cutting wasteful spending.

Opportunities and Challenges for Previsit Screening for Sexual and Gender Identity Among Adolescents in Primary Care

Feb. 1, 2020

Jamie E. MehringerNadia L. Dowshen

Abstract [from journal]

Many sexual minority youth are at higher risk for poor health outcomes because of stigma, shame, and discrimination they may face because of their identity. Professional guidelines, including the American Academy of Pediatrics' Bright Futures, encourage discussion of sexual attraction and behavior in adolescent health supervision visits so that clinicians can support healthy adolescent sexual development, assure that the health needs of youth of all sexual identities are met, and facilitate family acceptance and support of youth when needed...

Health Care Safety-Net Programs After The Affordable Care Act

Issue Brief
Oct. 1, 2019

Prior to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), health care safety-net programs were the primary source of care for over 44 million uninsured people. While the ACA cut the number of uninsured substantially, about 30 million people remain uninsured, and many millions more are vulnerable to out-of-pocket costs beyond their resources. The need for the safety net remains, even as the distribution and types of need have shifted. This brief reviews the effects of the ACA on the funding and operation of safety-net institutions. It highlights the challenges and opportunities that health care reform presents to safety-net programs, and how they have adapted and evolved to continue to serve our most vulnerable residents.

Fast-tracking Behavioral Health Care

Sep. 17, 2019

Imagine struggling with a behavioral health issue, searching for a local psychiatrist, and finding out the provider you’ve chosen doesn’t accept insurance. You wouldn’t be alone: most psychiatrists in the United States don’t. But let’s say your plan has some out-of-network benefits, which means you pay the full cost up front and request an itemized receipt for every appointment.

Primary Care Appointments for Medicaid Beneficiaries With Advanced Practitioners

Jul. 1, 2019

Lena Leszinsky, Molly Candon

Abstract [from journal]

Primary care access in Medicaid improved after the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act despite millions of new beneficiaries. One possible explanation is that practices are scheduling more appointments with advanced practitioners. To test this theory, we used data from a secret shopper study in which callers simulated new Medicaid patients and requested appointments with 3,742 randomly selected primary care practices in 10 states. Conditional on scheduling an appointment, simulated patients asked whether the practitioner...

The Effect of Predictive Analytics-Driven Interventions on Healthcare Utilization

Research Brief
Apr. 3, 2019

Among high-risk Medicare Advantage members with congestive heart failure, a proactive outreach program driven by a claims-based predictive algorithm reduced the likelihood of an emergency department (ED) or specialist visit in one year by 20% and 21%, respectively. The average number of visits dropped as well, with a 40% reduction in the volume of ED visits and a 27% reduction in the volume of cardiology visits after the first year.

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