Risk Communication

The exchange of information about the probability and consequences of adverse events, and how these risks are perceived and managed.

Pediatricians' Vaccine Attitudes and Practices Before and After a Major Measles Outbreak

Jul. 25, 2018

ABSTRACT [FROM JOURNAL]

The objective of this study was to describe how a sample of pediatricians were impacted by and responded to the Disneyland measles outbreak in the United States. We conducted three repeated cross-sectional, online surveys in 2014 (before the outbreak), 2015, and 2016 (after the outbreak) among members of three state chapters of the American Academy of Pediatrics. We assessed pediatricians’ level of willingness and length of time comfortable delaying the measles–mumps–rubella (MMR) vaccine before and after the outbreak. Frequency of alternative immunization...

A National Survey of Young Women's Beliefs About Quitting Indoor Tanning: Implications for Health Communication Messages

Mar. 21, 2018

Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Morgan E. Ellithorpe, DeAnn Lazovich, Sara Grossman, Karen Glanz

Abstract [from journal]

Indoor tanning is a risk factor for melanoma among young white women. Health communications can be an effective way of reaching this population and promoting behavior change. The purpose of this study was (i) to investigate the associations between intention to quit indoor tanning and attitudes, normative pressure, and efficacy about quitting, and (ii) to identify beliefs about quitting indoor tanning that can be used to design effective health communication messages to reduce skin cancer risk. A national online survey was conducted with 279 non-Hispanic...

Are mHealth Interventions to Improve Child Restraint System Installation of Value? A Mixed Methods Study of Parents

Dec. 6, 2017

Linda Fleisher, Danielle Erkoboni, Katherine Halkyard, Emily Sykes, Marisol S. Norris, Lorrie Walker, and ...

In the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Linda Fleisher and colleagues, including Danielle Erkoboni and Flaura Winston, identify gaps in parental knowledge about and perceived challenges in the use of appropriate child restraints in motor vehicles. They also explore the acceptability of using a mobile app to guide car seat installation. Injuries to passengers in motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of child mortality. As such, the delivery of information about proper child restrain systems (CRS) use...

Ridesharing and Motor Vehicle Crashes in 4 US Cities: An Interrupted Time-Series Analysis

Oct. 30, 2017

Christopher N. Morrison, Sara F. Jacoby, Beidi Dong, M. Kit Delgado, Douglas J. Wiebe 

In the American Journal of Epidemiology, Christopher Morrison and colleagues, including Sara Jacoby, M. Kit Delgado, and Douglas Wiebe, investigated if ridesharing, specifically if using Uber, reduces the rate of motor vehicle crashes.

The authors conducted an interrupted time series analyses using weekly counts of injury crashes and the proportion that were alcohol-involved in four US cities where Uber had piloted, abruptly ceased operations, and then abruptly resumed (Las Vegas, NV; Portland, OR; Reno, NV; San Antonio, TX). The authors hypothesized that Uber’s resumption...

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