Social Media and Health

Use of social media platforms and data to disseminate health information and to understand and improve individual and population health behaviors and outcomes.

Protecting Clinical Trial Participants and Study Integrity in the Age of Social Media

Oct. 24, 2018

ABSTRACT [FROM JOURNAL]

Social media communication among clinical trial participants has the potential to pose risks to their safety and to trial integrity. The Social Media ADEPT framework may help mitigate that potential by encouraging investigators and patient partners to work together to Assess social media risks, Design studies to minimize those risks, Educate participants, Preempt problems, and Take additional steps as needed, such as intervening when problems arise.

Feasibility and Effects of Digital Interventions to Support People in Recovery From Substance Use Disorders: Systematic Review

Sep. 5, 2018

Sverre Nesvåg and James R. McKay 

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The development and evaluation of digital interventions aimed at preventing or treating substance use–related problems and disorders is a rapidly growing field. Previous reviews of such interventions reveal a large and complex picture with regard to targeted users, use, and efficacy.

Objective: The objective of this review was to investigate the feasibility and effects of interventions developed specifically for digital platforms. These interventions are focused on supporting people in recovery from...

Use of Web-Based Parent-Adolescent Health Promotion Program among Puerto Ricans

Aug. 9, 2018

Antonia M. Villarruel, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Alexandra Hanlon, Elba Betancourt, Alicia J. Lozano, Lucia DiNapoli

Abstract [from journal]

Background: Despite positive attitudes of Latinos using the Internet and the increased availability of health information resources, few studies have been conducted that examine actual use and barriers to web-based health information.

Objective: To examine whether select sociodemographic factors and technology factors (e.g., computer and Internet access) predicted use of a web-based, parent–adolescent sexual communication program or a physical activity program, entitled Cuídalos, among Puerto Rican parents.

...

Social Incentives and Gamification to Promote Weight Loss: The LOSE IT Randomized, Controlled Trial

Jul. 16, 2018

Gregory W. Kurtzman, Susan C. Day, Dylan S. Small, Marta Lynch, Jingsan Zhu, Wenli Wang, Charles A. L. Rareshide, Mitesh S. Patel

ABSTRACT [FROM JOURNAL]

Background: Social networks influence obesity patterns, but interventions to leverage social incentives to promote weight loss have not been well evaluated.

Objective: To test the effectiveness of gamification interventions designed using insights from behavioral economics to enhance social incentives to promote weight loss.

Design: The Leveraging Our Social Experiences and Incentives Trial (LOSE IT

...

Internet and Social Media Access Among Youth Experiencing Homelessness: Mixed-Methods Study

Jun. 6, 2018

Lauren A. Houdek VonHoltz, Rosemary Frasso, Jesse M. Golinkoff, Alicia J. Lozano, Alexandra Hanlon, Nadia Dowshen

ABSTRACT [from journal]

Background: Youth experiencing homelessness are at a risk for a variety of adverse outcomes. Given the widespread use of the internet and social media, these new technologies may be used to address their needs and for outreach purposes. However, little is known about how this group uses these resources.

Objective: This study investigated how homeless adolescents use these technologies for general and health-related purposes, whether the scope of their use changes with housing status, and...

Opioid Discussion in the Twittersphere

Apr. 25, 2018

Rachel L. Graves, Christopher Tufts, Zachary F. Meisel, Dan Polsky, Lyle Ungar, ...

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The rise in opioid use and overdose has increased the importance of improving data collection methods for the purpose of targeting resources to high-need populations and responding rapidly to emerging trends.

Objective: To determine whether Twitter data could be used to identify geographic differences in opioid-related discussion and whether opioid topics were significantly correlated with opioid overdose death rate.

Methods: We filtered approximately 10 billion tweets for keywords...

Yelp Reviews and Opioids

Apr. 10, 2018

Researchers are discovering that social media offers a window into the lived experience of patients and their caregivers. Using Yelp reviews about US hospitals, our team at Penn’s Center for Health Care Innovation attempted to give voice to these experiences related to pain management and opioids during recent hospital visits.

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