Last month, the American Dental Association (ADA) announced a new policy on opioid prescription. This is the latest in a series of statements issued by the ADA in response to the prominent role of dentistry in the opioid epidemic.
Abstract [from journal]
Background: The rise in opioid use and overdose has increased the importance of improving data collection methods for the purpose of targeting resources to high-need populations and responding rapidly to emerging trends.
Objective: To determine whether Twitter data could be used to identify geographic differences in opioid-related discussion and whether opioid topics were significantly correlated with opioid overdose death rate.
Methods: We filtered approximately 10 billion tweets for keywords...
Researchers are discovering that social media offers a window into the lived experience of patients and their caregivers. Using Yelp reviews about US hospitals, our team at Penn’s Center for Health Care Innovation attempted to give voice to these experiences related to pain management and opioids during recent hospital visits.
Abstract [from journal]
Infants in Drug Withdrawal: A National Description of Nurse Workload, Infant Acuity, and Parental Needs
In the Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, Jessica Smith and colleagues, including Jeannette Rogowski and Eileen Lake, investigate how infants in drug withdrawal compare with nondrug withdrawal infants to inform proper nurse assignments based on infant acuity and parental needs. Though not commonly recognized, a troubling aspect of the opioid epidemic is increased drug use among pregnant women, which has led to an increase in infants who are...
Association between Electronic Medical Record Implementation of Default Opioid Prescription Quantities and Prescribing Behavior in Two Emergency Departments
Setting a low quantity of opioid tablets as the default option in electronic medical record prescribing orders may “nudge” clinicians to prescribe fewer opioids. When two emergency departments implemented a 10-tablet default instead of a manual entry, the proportion of 10-tablet prescriptions written more than doubled, from 20.6% to 43.3%. Conversely, 20-tablet prescriptions decreased from 22.8% to 16.1%, and prescriptions for 11-19 tablets decreased from 33.5% to 20.1%.
[reposted from the CHERISH blog]