Emily MacKay, DO, MSHP is an Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care as well as a faculty member of the Penn Cardiovascular Outcomes, Quality & Evaluative Research Center at the University of Pennsylvania. As a practicing cardiac anesthesiologist, Dr. MacKay is certified in advanced, perioperative transesophageal echocardiography; an imaging modality performed in the operating room to assist cardiac surgeons in a variety of cardiothoracic surgeries including cardiac valve, thoracic, aortic, heart transplant, lung transplant and coronary artery bypass graft surgeries. She is also a member of the Penn Lung Rescue team, working to help patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome by using veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. As a health services researcher, she undertakes comparative effectiveness research related to the perioperative use of advanced cardiovascular imaging such as echocardiography in cardiac surgical patients. Dr. MacKay received a BFA in music performance from Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, studied medicine at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA and a obtained a Master of Science in Health Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania. She completed an anesthesia residency at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, followed by fellowships in both cardiac anesthesia and surgical critical care at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA.