Research Snapshots

Household Monthly Alcohol Purchases After Washington's Privatization of Liquor

Nov. 18, 2019

Thirteen states limit alcohol purchases to state-run stores. Washington was among these states until 2011, when voters passed Initiative 1183,
which privatized liquor sales and imposed taxes and fees on them. As a result, the number of retail sites increased dramatically, and the cost of
liquor went up. The authors compared the amount of alcohol purchased by households in Washington metropolitan areas to the amount purchased by households in 10 states that retained monopoly control of alcohol sales, before and after privatization.

College Affirmative Action Bans and Health Risk Behaviors

Jun. 19, 2019

College affirmative action bans were associated with higher rates of smoking and drinking in underrepresented minority 11th and 12th graders, and these students continued to smoke at higher rates into young adulthood. Policymakers should consider unintended public health consequences of proposals, such as affirmative action bans, that may limit socioeconomic opportunities.

Outcomes Associated With Good Hospital Work Environments for Nurses

May. 14, 2019

Hospital work environments that promote nurse leadership, encourage nurse participation in hospital governance and decision-making, assure adequate resources and staffing, and foster collaboration between doctors and nurses are consistently associated with better patient, quality, safety, and job outcomes. The work environment offers a powerful target for improvement efforts and warrants the resources and attention of health care administrators.

U.S. Emergency Room Department Encounters for Firearm Injuries, 2009-2014

Mar. 28, 2019

Substantial opportunities exist to prevent recurrent firearm injury. Current models must expand beyond patients presenting at trauma centers with firearm assault injuries. Evidence-based prevention programs – including firearm counseling and safe storage interventions – should be adopted across a broad range of EDs and firearm injuries.