This Issue Brief highlights a crossnational survey that describes nurses’ perceptions of their hospital work environment, and identifies core problems in work design and workforce management in five countries.
This Issue Brief examines a common strategy that managed care organizations use to reduce emergency department visits—gatekeeping—and describes a study of the differential impact it may have on African Americans.
When Data Conflict with Practice: Rethinking the Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics before Dental Treatment
This Issue Brief summarizes a population-based study that challenges the link between dental procedures and heart valve infections, and illustrates the difficulty in incorporating new evidence into existing guidelines and longstanding practices.
This Issue Brief summarizes a comparison in another area—inpatient rehabilitation for stroke— and highlights the difficulty and complexity of assessing quality across systems of care.
In this Issue Brief, the authors develop a new method of identifying activities that qualify as community benefits, and propose a benchmark for the amount of benefit a nonprofit hospital should provide.
This Issue Brief summarizes new information on how managed care has affected physicians’ labor market decisions and the impact of managed care on the number and distribution of physicians across the country.
This Issue Brief describes the current controversy, and summarizes a newly published study that suggests differences in patient outcomes depending on the nature and level of anesthesiologist involvement in surgical care.
This Issue Brief describes a new computer model that can help State and regional policymakers decide where to place designated trauma hospitals and helicopter depots to maximize their residents’ access to trauma care.
This Issue Brief describes findings from Partners for Child Passenger Safety, the nation’s largest surveillance system of children in car crashes, and points to improvements in child restraints that can reduce the risk of serious injury in the event of a crash.
This Issue Brief examines how physicians are reorganizing their practices to meet the demands of the competitive marketplace.
This Issue Brief summarizes the findings of the Children’s Mental Health Alliance Project, which conducted a multidisciplinary consensus conference in November 1998 followed by a year-long dialogue with clinicians, researchers, and families.
This Issue Brief summarizes the current debate on whether life insurers should have access to genetic testing information for breast and ovarian cancer, and provides actuarial insight into the potential effect of such testing on the voluntary term insurance market.
This Issue Brief chronicles the hows and whys of the nation’s largest nonprofit health care failure, and analyzes its lessons for other struggling academic health centers.
This Issue Brief highlights a new study that investigates the circumstances and correlates of violent injuries among women in one urban, low-income community.
This Issue Brief highlights two studies that investigate the availability of prescription drugs over the Internet, and focuses on the alarming ease with which consumers can obtain drugs without seeing a physician or a pharmacist.