This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that investigate whether workplace aspects of the hospital (such as staffing levels, and organizational structure and climate) affect the risk of needlestick injuries to nurses.
This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that describe how caregivers make decisions for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients, and caregiver perspectives on the quality of life for relatives with AD.
This Issue Brief explores one of the fundamental challenges physicians face in optimizing antibiotic use: the potential conflict between what is best for an individual patient, and what is best for society as a whole.
This Issue Brief summarizes a new study that examines and quantifies the risk of injury to children riding in compact pickup trucks. Based on these findings, parents should be advised against using these vehicles as family transportation.
This Issue Brief highlights a landmark study that examines the extent to which supportive housing costs are offset by reductions in the use of public services for health, corrections, and shelter.
This Issue Brief reviews the status and recent history behind indirect medical education (IME) payments, and summarizes research that investigates how hospitals have responded to the incentives created by these and other supplemental payments.
This Issue Brief describes a novel strategy to improve handwashing among hospital personnel, by involving the people with the most to gain—the patients themselves.
In this Issue Brief, Drs. Danzon and Pauly examine the shift from inpatient to outpatient care in the last 20 years, and ask two broad questions: to what extent was this shift encouraged by changes in insurance, and to what extent was insurance coverage influenced by this shift?
This Issue Brief summarizes a new analysis of the effects of motorcycle helmet laws on death rates, and points out the need to account for other potential factors when comparing death rates across states.
This Issue Brief summarizes efforts to merge databases and provide policymakers with information to guide housing, social service, and health care resources. The investigators identify risk factors associated with AIDS among the homeless, and homelessness among people with AIDS.
This Issue Brief highlights a crossnational survey that describes nurses’ perceptions of their hospital work environment, and identifies core problems in work design and workforce management in five countries.
This Issue Brief examines a common strategy that managed care organizations use to reduce emergency department visits—gatekeeping—and describes a study of the differential impact it may have on African Americans.
When Data Conflict with Practice: Rethinking the Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics before Dental Treatment
This Issue Brief summarizes a population-based study that challenges the link between dental procedures and heart valve infections, and illustrates the difficulty in incorporating new evidence into existing guidelines and longstanding practices.
This Issue Brief summarizes a comparison in another area—inpatient rehabilitation for stroke— and highlights the difficulty and complexity of assessing quality across systems of care.
In this Issue Brief, the authors develop a new method of identifying activities that qualify as community benefits, and propose a benchmark for the amount of benefit a nonprofit hospital should provide.