In American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, Hans-Peter Kohler and Victoria Baranov study the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART), a treatment for AIDS, on savings and human capital investment in Malawi. In particular, they use spatial and temporal differences in ART availability to evaluate the impact of ART provision on cash savings, education expenditures, and children’s schooling.
The authors find that ART availability increases savings, expenditures on education, and children’s schooling significantly, even amongst those who are HIV-negative and thus, do not...
In Health Affairs, Rebecca Onie and colleagues, including Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, conduct a twenty-year qualitative case study of Health Leads, an organization that partners with health care institutions and communities to address patients’ basic resource needs, and its funders. The case study demonstrates the successful stages of diffusion, defined as the process by which an innovation is communicated over time within a social system, leading to increased exposure and adoption. The authors segmented the process for Health Leads into five distinct phases:
- Testing and ...
Association of Rideshare-Based Transportation Services and Missed Primary Care Appointments: A Clinical Trial
In a pragmatic trial, offering complimentary ridesharing services broadly to Medicaid patients did not reduce rates of missed primary care appointments. The uptake of free rides was low, and rates of missed appointments remained unchanged at 36%. Efforts to reduce missed appointments due to transportation barriers may require more targeted approaches.
At Penn’s fourth annual Martin Luther King, Jr., Health Equity Symposium, keynote speaker Howard Koh, MD, MPH, former Assistant Secretary for Health for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), shared a motivating quote by Dr. King: “Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, ‘What are you doing for others?’”
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a wide range of symptoms and skillsets, and people with severe ASD are often overlooked by researchers. Although policies may target individuals with ASD who have higher service needs, the evaluation of these policies frequently focus on an average effect.
Evaluating the association between the built environment and primary care access for new Medicaid enrollees in an urban environment using Walk and Transit Scores
In Preventive Medicine Reports, Krisda Chaiyachati and colleagues, including Jeffrey Hom and David Grande, describe the association between the quality of an individual’s built environment, as reflected by Walk Score™ (a measure of walkability to neighborhood resources) and Transit Score™ (a measure of transit access), with having a usual source of care among low-income adults in Philadelphia. They ascertained usual source of care (other than a hospital or emergency department) with the question: “Is there a particular doctor's office, clinic, health center, or other place that...
Association of Patient Out-of-Pocket Costs With Prescription Abandonment and Delay in Fills of Novel Oral Anticancer Agents
High out-of-pocket (OOP) costs may limit access to novel oral cancer medications. In a retrospective study, nearly one third of patients whose OOP costs were $100 to $500 and nearly half of patients whose OOP costs were more than $2,000 failed to pick up their new prescription for an oral cancer medication, compared to 10% of patients who were required to pay less than $10 at the time of purchase. Delays in picking up prescriptions were also more frequent among patients facing higher OOP costs.
Primary care appointment availability for new Medicaid patients declined when Medicaid fees for providers decreased after the ACA-mandated “fee bump” expired.
Editor's Note: On November 7, 2017, University of Notre Dame employees received an email saying that contraceptive coverage will continue for health care plan members at no cost, because the third-party administrator will continue to provide the coverage free of charge.
In Hospital Pediatrics, Laura J. Faherty and colleagues, including Evan Fieldston and Rachel Werner, describe online price transparency data for pediatric care and the consumer experience of obtaining an out-of-pocket estimate from children’s hospitals for a common procedure. Price transparency is gaining importance as families’ portion of health care costs rise.
The study consisted of three parts: an audit of 45 children’s hospital Web sites, "secret shopper" calls to the hospitals to request price estimates for a common pediatric procedure (a tonsillectomy-adenoidectomy...