The form and manner in which health professionals are educated and trained to develop the necessary competencies to serve the needs of the population.

Prevalence of Burnout in Occupational and Environmental Medicine Physicians in the United States

Judith McKenzie, MD, MPH
May. 11, 2020

Judith Green-McKenzie, Parvathi Somasundaram, Timothy Lawler, Edward O'Hara, Frances S. Shofer

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: To determine prevalence and key drivers of burnout in Occupational and Environmental Medicine physicians in the US.

Methods: A nationwide survey of Occupational Medicine physicians was conducted using the Qualtrics® platform. Burnout, measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory®, Social Support and Job Satisfaction were assessed.

Results: The response rate was 46%, the overall burnout prevalence 38% and most respondents were male (69%). The mean age and mean years in practice were 56...

Voices in Evidence-Based Newborn Care: A How-to-Guide on Developing a Parent-Facing Podcast

Raina Merchant
Dec. 20, 2019

Joanna Parga-Belinkie, Raina M. Merchant

Abstract [from journal]

Podcasting is becoming a more popular form of media. Its use in medical education is being researched-but what about its use in public education? In this tutorial, the authors offer a how-to-guide on starting a public or patient-facing podcast. The authors hope to inspire more physicians to utilize this type of media to share evidence-based information. More research is needed looking into how podcasting can be used to help with patient education.

Public Libraries as Partners in Confronting the Overdose Crisis: A Qualitative Analysis

Dec. 18, 2019

Margaret Lowenstein, Rachel Feuersteun-Simon, Risha Sheni, Roxanne Dupuis, Eliza Whiteman Kinsey, Xochitl Luna Marti, Carolyn Cannuscio

Abstract [from journal]

Background: The overdose crisis is affecting public libraries. In a 2017 survey of public librarians, half reported providing patrons support regarding substance use and mental health in the previous month, and 12% reported on-site drug overdose at their library in the previous year. Given the magnitude of the overdose crisis and the fact that public libraries host 1.4 billion visits annually, our aim was to understand how libraries currently assist with substance use and overdose and how they can further address these


The Relationship Of Disease-Specific Knowledge And Health Literacy With the Uptake Of Self-Care Behaviors In CKD

Oct. 17, 2019

Sarah J. Schrauben, Kerri L. Cavanaugh, Angela Fagerlin, T. Alp Ikizler, Ana C. Ricardo, Nwamaka D. Eneanya, Julie Wright Nunes

Abstract [from journal]

Introduction: Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) generally have poor participation in self-care. We hypothesized that greater kidney disease knowledge and health literacy would associate with better self-care.

Methods: We enrolled 401 participants with non-dialysis-dependent CKD from one academic center in this cross-sectional study. Validated surveys were used to assess health literacy level (inadequate vs. adequate; Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine), perceived kidney


#Shemergency: Use of a Professional Development Group to Promote Female Resident Recruitment and Retention

Aug. 27, 2019

Utsha Khatri, Jennifer Love, Amy Zeidan, Cindy Hsu, Angela Mills

Abstract [from journal]

Problem: Gender inequity in academic medicine is a pervasive challenge. Recommendations have been implemented to reduce inequities for female faculty. However, there are no well-established guidelines for the recruitment and retention of female residents.

Approach: To address challenges faced by female physicians and support the recruitment and retention of female residents, female emergency medicine residents and attending


Perspectives on State Vaccine Education Mandate Policy and Implementation among Public Health Department Officials: A Qualitative Study

Kristen Feemster, MD, MPH, MSHP
Aug. 19, 2019

Holden Caplan, Tuhina Srivastava, Kristen A. Feemster

Abstract [from journal]

In response to the increase in non-medical vaccine exemptions (NME), many states have adopted education mandates (EM), required vaccine education for parents requesting NMEs for their school-age children, but these EMs vary greatly in implementation. In order to learn about the administrative aspects of each state's EM, we interviewed fourteen health department officials from nine states with EMs. Interviews were conducted over the phone, transcribed by a professional transcription service, and double-coded using NVivo 12 by two members of the study


Pediatric Emergency Department and Primary Care Provider Attitudes on Assessing Childhood Adversity

Jul. 4, 2019

Samantha Schilling, Ashlee Murray, Cynthia J. Mollen, Tara Wedin, Joel A. Fein, Philip V. Scribano 

Abstract [from journal]

Objective: The purpose of this study was to understand pediatric emergency department (ED) and primary care (PC) health care provider attitudes and beliefs regarding the intersection between childhood adversities and health care.

Methods: We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews in 2 settings (ED and PC) within an urban health care system. Purposive sampling was used to balance the sample among 3 health care provider roles. Interview questions were based on a modified health beliefs model exploring the "...