Before he became a physician and health services researcher, Pete Groeneveld, MD, MS was a computer engineer. He brings an engineer’s fundamental traits—curiosity, creativity, analytic thinking, and attention to detail—to his research on comparative effectiveness, clinical outcomes evaluation, economic assessment, and social consequences of health care technology.
Dr. Groeneveld’s career in medicine and health services research grew from a fascination with how to maximize the societal benefits of technology while using limited societal resources wisely. “I wanted to do something where I could directly help people and explore the economic and social implications of the amazing medical innovations that have emerged in the past 50 years,” he said. He has since built a research agenda on the comparative and cost-effectiveness of cardiovascular health care.
A central aim of his research is to improve the value of health care by illuminating both the opportunities and downsides of expanded use of technology, such as the cost-effectiveness of automated external defibrillators on aircraft, the comparative effectiveness of carotid arterial stenting versus endarterectomy, and the cost-amplifying effects of drug-eluting stents. An additional aim is to enhance the equity of the U.S. health care system by demonstrating how the increasing complexity and costs of many new technologies can worsen long-established racial disparities in health care. His research has appeared in numerous journals including the Journal of the American Medical Association, JAMA-Internal Medicine, Health Affairs, the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, and Circulation.
He is Principal Investigator on the Veterans Affairs (VA) study, “Costs and Outcomes of Chronic Heart Disease Care,” which will address how to fully optimize the value of care for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among Veterans. He is also Principal Investigator of a project funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality entitled, “Market and Organization Impact on Medical Technology Diffusion: Outcomes and Value” which is investigating how recent changes in the structure of U.S. health care markets have influenced new technology adoption.
Dr. Groeneveld also maintains an active clinical practice as a Staff Physician at the Philadelphia VA Medical Center. He gets equally excited about providing primary care for veterans as with his research in health care technology. “The VA is a wonderful place to practice medicine. I feel very privileged to work there and have the opportunity to be ‘my doctor’ for so many great men and women who have served our country,” he said. He points to the VA’s strong commitment to data collection and analysis as an invaluable resource for his research.
Dr. Groeneveld is Associate Professor of Medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine at Penn, a Core Faculty Member of the VA’s Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion (CHERP), Director of Research at LDI, Director of LDI's Health Services Research Data Center, and Founding Director of Penn's Cardiovascular Outcomes, Quality and Evaluative Research Center (CAVOQER). He received his undergraduate degree in Computer, Electrical, and Systems Engineering from Harvard, his medical degree from Tufts, and his Master’s in Health Services Research from Stanford.