This Issue Brief presents current information on the prevalence and transmission of MRSA in community settings, and describes ongoing research on interventions to limit the spread of this increasingly common infection.
Health care spending represents a growing share of our national income, and based on current projections, will increase from 16% of the gross domestic product today to 20% by 2018. What does this mean for typical working families with private health insurance, who shoulder the financial burden of maintaining the current system? In this Issue Brief, Polsky and Grande construct a typical health care budget for working families of various income levels, calculate the percentage of total compensation devoted to health care over time, and project how rising health care costs will affect standards of living in the future.
This Issue Brief describes the first national study of population access to emergency care, taking into account the locations of emergency departments (EDs), people, and transportation.
This Issue Brief explores the use of financial incentives to motivate and sustain smoking cessation and weight loss.
This Issue Brief summarizes a Congressionally-mandated evaluation of the campaign’s effects on youths’ cognitions and behavior around marijuana use.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that describes home-based patterns of medication use in elderly patients, and for one high-risk medication, analyzes the relationship between recall of instructions and subsequent drug-related hospitalizations. These findings may help clinicians better predict and monitor their patients’ adherence to prescription drug regimens.
A year after the Avandia story broke, this Clinical Brief revisits the controversy, summarizes a new study of the cardiovascular safety of diabetes drugs, and analyzes the policy implications for the drug approval process.
This Issue Brief summarizes studies that analyze health outcomes, costs, and quality of life for patients-at-risk who receive ICDs in real-life settings.
This Issue Brief summarizes studies that examine and quantify the relationship between frequently used measures of hospital performance and hospital mortality.
About 4.5 million Americans currently live with dementia. Whether these citizens should vote raises a host of ethical, legal, and practical issues. At what point does someone lose the capacity to vote, and who decides? What kinds of assistance should these voters get, and who should provide it? And how can the voting rights of residents in long-term care facilities be protected?
This Issue Brief summarizes two studies that examine the prevalence of obesity over time in the elderly and disabled, and the changing relationship of obesity and disability.
Ideally, clinicians caring for HIV-infected patients would have some way of predicting which patients are most likely to need help in adhering to a prescribed regimen and an early warning system alerting them to their patients’ non-adherence. This Issue Brief summarizes recent studies whose findings may help clinicians predict and monitor their patients’ adherence before treatment failure occurs.
This Issue Brief summarizes several studies that offer evidence about the impact of these regulations on patient mortality, as well as on residents’ perceptions of the effects on quality of care, medical education, and residents’ quality of life.
This Issue Brief analyzes recent gun legislation and other violence reduction policies in Brazil and their effects on firearm violence.