This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that systematically explore African American women’s beliefs and intentions about BRCA1/2 testing. The findings have been used to tailor genetic counseling programs to better serve this population.
This Issue Brief summarizes several large studies that can help guide and improve the management of patients with antibiotic allergies.
This Issue Brief reviews ongoing work at Penn’s Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (TTURC) to unravel the genetic factors that might affect smoking cessation and to develop more effective treatment strategies.
In this Issue Brief, a leading expert on decision processes and low- probability events discusses the reasons why people do not take protective measures voluntarily. In addition, he suggests ways to reduce losses through a disaster management plan that includes well-enforced building codes and land-use policies, insurance incentives, and long-term loans.
This Issue Brief summarizes a large study that evaluates the risk for upper respiratory and urinary tract infections among adolescents and young adults treated with antibiotics for acne.
This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that shed light on the decision making process about hospice, and describes a simple, effective way to improve referrals to hospice among nursing home residents.
In this Issue Brief, Dr. Lemaire explores whether deaths from firearms explain some of these international and racial disparities in life expectancy. He uses actuarial techniques to calculate the “cost” of firearm deaths in the U.S., both in terms of reduced life expectancy and increased life insurance premiums.
This Issue Brief summarizes a new study that estimates the proportion of residents that can reach a trauma center by ground or air ambulance within one hour of where they live, using objective measures of travel times and distances.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that identifies primary care characteristics associated with ED use in a Medicaid managed care population. It suggests a strategy to simultaneously improve access to primary care and reduce costs of ED care.
This Issue Brief reviews current knowledge about the genetic basis of prostate cancer and summarizes ongoing research at Penn that investigates the role of genetics in prostate cancer treatment and outcomes.
This Issue Brief examines these workforce issues, and profiles the attitudes and practice characteristics of child neurologists and trainees.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that sounds a cautionary note about the potential for computerized systems to facilitate medication errors, as well as reduce them.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that evaluates the relationship between CAM use and perceived access to conventional health care.
This Issue Brief examines racial disparities in the use of life-saving cardiac procedures and mortality after cardiac arrest, and considers how geographic differences in health care affect these disparities.
This Issue Brief evaluates trends in social welfare spending for children and the elderly from 1980 to 2000, and the relationship of national economic trends to public spending patterns.