This Issue Brief examines these workforce issues, and profiles the attitudes and practice characteristics of child neurologists and trainees.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that sounds a cautionary note about the potential for computerized systems to facilitate medication errors, as well as reduce them.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that evaluates the relationship between CAM use and perceived access to conventional health care.
This Issue Brief examines racial disparities in the use of life-saving cardiac procedures and mortality after cardiac arrest, and considers how geographic differences in health care affect these disparities.
This Issue Brief evaluates trends in social welfare spending for children and the elderly from 1980 to 2000, and the relationship of national economic trends to public spending patterns.
This Issue Brief describes the development and implementation of these partnerships, and highlights one community’s ongoing activities to reduce firearm injury.
This Issue Brief summarizes more than a decade of research on this model of transitional care and its effects on the costs and quality of care for hospitalized elderly patients.
This Issue Brief explores attitudes of the public and health professionals in the transplant community about using financial and nonfinancial incentives to increase the supply of cadaver organs for transplant.
This Issue Brief reviews data on current patterns of drug spending among Medicare beneficiaries and summarizes aspects of the new benefit. It explores the likely effect of the coverage on overall use of and spending for prescription drugs and considers whether any additional use is likely to represent needed care that had been forgone because of a cost barrier.
This Issue Brief summarizes evidence on the effectiveness of educational programs to improve self-management in children with asthma, and bolsters existing guidelines to include selfmanagement education in the routine care of these patients.
This Issue Brief highlights two studies that clarify the impact of nurse staffing levels on surgical patient outcomes, and examine the effect of nurses’ experience and educational level on patient mortality in the 30 days after a surgical admission.
This Issue Brief summarizes a landmark study that suggests that retrospective DUR has had no measurable effects on outpatient drug use or clinical outcomes in the Medicaid program.
This Issue Brief summarizes three related studies that describe primary care physicians’ attitudes toward considering costs in their clinical decisions, and the effects of providing cost-effectiveness information on physicians’ recommendations.
This Issue Brief describes case-control studies that investigate links between gun availability and gun death, and supports earlier findings that people with guns in their homes appear to increase their risk of being shot fatally (intentionally or unintentionally) or taking their own life with a gun.
This Issue Brief evaluates the effect of one reform—the deregulation of hospital reimbursement rates in New Jersey—on one important outcome of care—mortality from acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). The findings serve as a reminder that cost-constraining reforms may reduce the quality of care, particularly for uninsured and other vulnerable populations.