Figure 1. Unadjusted Association Between Increasing Predicted Transport Time to Nearest Trauma Center and Probability of Death for Individuals Shot

Firearm violence is a public health crisis that continues to worsen in the United States. This crisis has escalated significantly with the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, further stressing our communities. Patients injured by firearms require rapid transport to trauma centers for life-saving procedures. For these critically injured patients, truly every minute counts. In a new JAMA Surgery study, LDI Senior Fellows Elinore Kaufman and Jeremy Cannon, along with their colleagues, found that longer predicted transport time to a trauma center is associated with higher rates of death.

If time is so important, what might local policymakers do to reduce the time to care? Philadelphia utilizes a practice known as “scoop and run.” In a previous study, Dr. Cannon found that if police officers were the first to arrive at a firearm injury scene, the most severe injuries were more likely to be alive on arrival to the hospital when transported by police. What this study points out is that time is a critical factor, and systems need to focus on reducing the time to care as much as possible to reduce deaths from gun violence in U.S. cities.

The study, “Association Between Geospatial Access to Care and Firearm Injury Mortality in Philadelphia,” was published on August 24, 2022, in JAMA Surgery. Authors include James P. Byrne, Elinore Kaufman, Dane Scantling, Vicky Tam, Niels Martin, Shariq Raza, Jeremy Cannon, C. William Schwab, Patrick M. Reilly, and Mark J. Seamon.


Nadiyah Browning

Nadiyah Browning, MPH

Project Coordinator, Strategic Partnerships and Health Policy

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