The form and manner in which health professionals are educated and trained to develop the necessary competencies to serve the needs of the population.

Moving Beyond Duty-Hours

Apr. 2, 2018

If you want to start an intense debate within the medical community, just talk about duty-hours – the length of a physician-in-training’s shift.

Distribution of Medical Education Debt by Specialty, 2010-2016

Sep. 22, 2017

Justin Grischkan, Benjamin P. George, Krisda Chaiyachati, Ari B. Freidman, E. Ray Dorsey, David A. Asch

In JAMA Internal Medicine, Justin Grischkan and colleagues, including Krisda Chaiyachati and David A. Asch, analyze trends in the distribution of medical education debt. The increasing amount of graduate medical education debt is well known, yet a quieter upward trend in the number of graduates without debt also persists in the data.

The authors analyzed figures of self-reported debt from the 2010-2016 Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire. They find that the mean amount of debt increased from $161,739 in 2010 to $179,068 in 2016, and that the...

Penn SUMR Scholars and Karabots Junior Fellows Collaborate at College of Physicians

Aug. 29, 2017
Each year, the University of Pennsylvania's LDI Summer Undergraduate Minority Research (SUMR) scholars and the College of Physicians of Philadelphia's Karabots Junior Fellows meet for a day to discuss issues and potential careers in health care. The SUMR students are college undergrads and the Karabots students are high school students from underrepresented communities. The programs of both groups immerse them in health care-related experiences and curricula aimed at preparing them for further studies in the field. The College also houses the internationally famed Mütter Museum...

Penn's 2017 SUMR Scholars Tour The Morris Arboretum

Jul. 28, 2017
Photos: Hoag Levins The Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics' Summer Undergraduate Minority Research Program (SUMR) scholars took a break from their mentored research projects for a Sunday tour of the University of Pennsylvania's Morris Arboretum . Located in Chestnut Hill in the far northwest corner of Philadelphia, the facility is a public garden sprawling across 92 sumptuously landscaped and heavily forested acres. Created as a Victorian estate and horticultural science center in the 1880s, it features imported asian forests, a swan pond, ornate fountains and thousands of botanical...

Penn's 2017 SUMR Scholars Take a Beach Break

Jul. 19, 2017
Photos: Hoag Levins In a break from their on-campus studies, the University of Pennsylvania's Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics' Summer Undergraduate Minority Research (SUMR) scholars spent a gorgeously sunny day together in Margate on the Atlantic Ocean. Margate is one of New Jersey's most popular shore towns and has a unique 136-year-old, six-story high elephant standing sentry at its beach entrance. Continuing an annual traditional, the day's host was Penn Wharton School Professor Emeritus of Legal Studies and Health Care Management, Arnold (Skip) Rosoff . (Above, left) His...

From Serious HSR Science to Crazy Mardi Gras Costumes

Jul. 13, 2017
Photos: Hoag Levins The trip of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) Summer Undergraduate Minority Research (SUMR) scholars to the AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting is designed to both expose them to the leading lights of the country's health services research field and engage them in bonding and networking experiences that can have career-long effects. This year's journey included participation in the 23rd annual National Research Service Awards (NRSA) Conference that also took place at the New Orleans Hyatt Regency Conference Center. NRSA is part of the Agency for...

Training social work students to recognize later-life depression: Is standardized patient simulation effective?

Jul. 5, 2017

Zvi D. Gellis and Eunhae Grace Kim

In Gerontology & Geriatrics Education, Zvi Gellis and Eunhae Grace Kim assess the affect of an educational intervention on social work students' understanding of later-life depression. The authors note that, although social workers are the largest provider of mental health services in the nation, they receive little coursework or clinical training in late-life depression unless they are in a gerontology specialization. The authors developed and completed a Standardized Patient Simulation course with 104 students, and assessed whether the simulation improved student knowledge...

An Assessment of Global Oral Health Education in U.S Dental Schools

Jul. 5, 2017

Janet Sung and Joan I. Gluch

In Journal of Dental Education, Janet Sung and Joan Gluch assess how global health education is currently incorporated into pre-doctoral dental training in the U.S.  In 2015-2016, the authors surveyed 64 accredited U.S dental schools regarding their global health education and competencies, and received responses from 52 of those schools. Most dental school curricula covered social determinants of oral diseases and conditions, how to identify barriers to use of oral health services, and how to work with patients who have limited dental health literacy. But other key areas of...

Understanding patient-centred readmission factors: a multi-site, mixed-methods study

Jul. 5, 2017

Ryan Greysen, James D. Harrison, Sunil Kripalani, Eduard Vasilevskis, Edmondo Robinson, Joshua Metlay, Jeffery L. Schnipper, David Meltzer, Neil Sehgal, Gregory W Ruhnke, Mark V. Williams, Andrew D. Auerbach

In BMJ Quality & Safety, Ryan Greysen and colleagues characterize patient- and caregiver-reported factors that contribute to hospital readmissions in general medicine patients. While patient concerns at or before discharge inform many transitional care interventions, few studies examine patients’ perceptions of self-care and other factors related to readmission. The authors surveyed more than 1,000 patient readmitted to 12 hospitals, with multiple choice and open-ended questions that assessed post-discharge difficulty in seven domains of self-care. These domains included...

Relationships between Parent-Adolescent Communication, Acculturation, and Sexual Knowledge on Latino Adolescent Sexual Behavior: A Systematic Review

Jun. 28, 2017

Vanessa Pirani Gaioso, Lynda Law Wilson, Antonia Maria Villarruel, Gwendolyn Denice Childs

In International Journal of Studies in Nursing, Vanessa Gaioso and colleagues, including Antonia Villarruel, assess the relationship between specific cultural variables and Latino adolescents' sexual behavior. The authors conducted a systematic review of studies addressing the relationship between selected parenting variables and Latino adolescent sexual behavior. The authors find that cultural attitudes towards sexual behavior are associated with adolescent intentions to have intercourse and to use condoms. However, few studies examined any predictors of parent-adolescent sexual...