Behavioral Economics / Behavior Change

The application of principles of economics and psychology to examine how individuals make choices in complex contexts--such as personal finances and health--and to improve these decisions and behaviors.

Placement and Promotion Strategies to Increase Sales of Healthier Products in Supermarkets in Low-Income, Ethnically Diverse Neighborhoods: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Apr. 2, 2014

Gary D. Foster, Allison Karpyn, Alexis C. Wojtanowski, Erica Davis, Stephanie Weiss, Colleen Brensinger, Ann Tierney, Wensheng Guo, Jeffery Brown, Carly Spross, Donna Leuchten, Patrick J. Burns, Karen Glanz

In The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Karen Glanz and colleagues assess the effects of in-store marketing strategies that promote the purchase of a specific healthier food item. Through a cluster-randomized control trial, the authors compare the weekly sales of targeted products - milk, ready-to-eat cereal, frozen meals, in-aisle beverages, and checkout cooler beverages - for supermarkets that received a six-month, in-store, marketing intervention, with those that did not. The intervention, provided to four randomly assigned stores in low-income, high-minority areas,...

What Economics and Addiction Science Tell Us About Smoking

Dec. 9, 2013

(cross-posted with the Scattergood Foundation)

Last month, the American Cancer Society sponsored the 38th annual “Great American Smokeout,” the day smokers are encouraged to quit, or make a plan to quit. This and many other efforts have convinced millions of smokers to quit; still, 18% of adults in the U.S. smoke. This seems an opportune time to consider the economics of smoking and the science of nicotine addiction.

Will Smokers Pay 50% More for Premiums on The Exchanges?

Nov. 6, 2013

A question arose on Twitter yesterday about the ACA’s provisions for surcharging tobacco users (h/t @onceuponA and @Prof_Richardson). That led me to a deeper dive into the regulations for implementing this part of the ACA. Here are a few questions, answers, and comments:

1.       What is the surcharge?