Disease Prevention / Health Promotion

Interventions, education and incentives that promote healthy behaviors and improve health outcomes.

Hospitals' Smoker Non-Hiring Debate

Aug. 6, 2013

The recent debate about the ethics of a health system's decision to refuse to hire new workers who smoke was understandably couched in the framework of ethics. But hiring a worker -- buying labor -- is an economic transaction that occurs in a market, and so it may be useful to discuss the economic framework as well.

On the Way to Health

Issue Brief
Aug. 29, 2012

This Issue Brief describes the development and use of a new web-based IT platform, Way to Health, to deliver and evaluate behavioral interventions to improve health.

A Pilot Study To Determine Whether Health Care Professionals Perceive Stigma In Heterozygote Carrier Identification And Disclosure Decisions

Alex Moffett
Jul. 11, 2011

Alexander Moffett, Lainie Friedman Ross

Abstract [from journal]

We conducted an empirical pilot study to assess the attitudes of health care professionals (HCPs) to the personal identification of heterozygote carrier status for two autosomal recessive conditions (cystic fibrosis and a hemoglobinopathy) and for an X‐linked disorder (Duchenne muscular dystrophy) using the Health Orientation Scale (HOS) and a modified HIV Stigma Scale. Attitudes towards carrier identification of children were also assessed. Three hundred and ten of 742 (42%) eligible HCPs fully or partly completed the survey. As measured with the HOS


Preventive surgery is associated with reduced cancer risk and mortality in women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations

Nov. 22, 2010

This Issue Brief summarizes the results of the latest, largest, multinational study on the effects of preventive surgery in these women. The results are consistent with earlier studies and provide strong evidence for the use of preventive surgery as an effective approach to managing this genetic risk.