This Issue Brief summarizes two studies that use comprehensive, longitudinal data from one state to assess the demographic, geographic, and professional factors that affect EMS performance.
This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that assess the impact of public reporting on nursing home quality and on the financial performance of these facilities.
This Issue Brief summarizes evidence from one state about the changing geography of outpatient procedures and the possible risks associated with these changes.
This Issue Brief reports on the experience of one hospital system that used its CPOE to reduce the incidence of a serious drug interaction. This rigorous test of a specific CPOE intervention shows that an electronic alert system can be effective in changing prescribing, but may also have unintended consequences for patient safety.
Treating Viral Respiratory Tract Infections with Antibiotics in Hospitals: No Longer a Case of Mistaken Identity
This Issue Brief investigates antibiotic use in hospitalized adults with a confirmed viral infection, a group of patients that may not benefit from such therapy. Understanding the factors that lead to inappropriate antibiotic use may help change clinical practice and limit antibiotic resistance.
This Issue Brief summarizes studies that examine and quantify the relationship between frequently used measures of hospital performance and hospital mortality.
In this Issue Brief, we asked five LDI Senior Fellows to comment on some of the issues raised by “Sicko,” and to offer their thoughts on the prospects for health system reform.
This Issue Brief summarizes new work that validates the use of Medicare billing data as a proxy for anesthesia times, and illustrates how these data can shed light on hospital and patient characteristics that affect procedure duration and surgical quality.
This Issue Brief summarizes a series of studies that shed light on the decision making process about hospice, and describes a simple, effective way to improve referrals to hospice among nursing home residents.
This Issue Brief summarizes a new study that estimates the proportion of residents that can reach a trauma center by ground or air ambulance within one hour of where they live, using objective measures of travel times and distances.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that identifies primary care characteristics associated with ED use in a Medicaid managed care population. It suggests a strategy to simultaneously improve access to primary care and reduce costs of ED care.
This Issue Brief examines these workforce issues, and profiles the attitudes and practice characteristics of child neurologists and trainees.
This Issue Brief summarizes research that sounds a cautionary note about the potential for computerized systems to facilitate medication errors, as well as reduce them.
This Issue Brief examines racial disparities in the use of life-saving cardiac procedures and mortality after cardiac arrest, and considers how geographic differences in health care affect these disparities.