Adoption and Diffusion

How the latest clinical, technological, and policy advances are incorporated into clinical practice and health care delivery.

Development, Implementation, and Impact of an Automated Early Warning and Response System for Sepsis

Jan. 1, 2015

Craig Umscheid, Joel Betesh, Christine VanZandbergen, Asaf Hanish, Gordon Tait, Mark Mikkelsen, Benjamin French, Barry Fuchs

In the Journal of Hospital Medicine, Craig Umscheid, Benjamin French, and other Penn colleagues investigate electronic health record (EHR)-based interventions aimed at reducing sepsis-related mortality. Severe sepsis affects as many as three million patients in the U.S. annually and kills 750,000. Earlier intervention could help to lower the mortality rate, but identifying at-risk patients is a challenge. Umscheid and colleagues propose that a better screening mechanism would help providers recognize and treat sepsis right away. To test this, they conduct a study where the EHRs of adult...

When Genetic Screening is Useful, but Not Used

Issue Brief
Aug. 3, 2011

This Issue Brief describes the case of a genetic condition for which genetic screening of family members is clearly useful, and just as clearly underused. It explores the barriers to the use of genetic screening and has implications for the future as genetic technologies become more complex and produce more uncertainty.

Selective Adoption: the Case of Surgeons

Principal Investigator:
Mark V. Pauly, PhD

Abstract: The technology adoption literature often does not focus on the potential role of physicians, despite the fact that almost all medical technologies involve physician use or prescription. As such, there is a gap in understanding the role of physician selection in the adoption and diffusion of technology in health care. How does the uncertainty discouraging adoption balance out against the incentive for technological preeminence encouraging it?

Adoption and Diffusion of Medical Innovation: Development of a New Analytical Approach

Principal Investigator:
J. Sanford Schwartz, MD

Abstract: The appropriate adoption (and disadoption) and diffusion of medical innovation is central to the practice of high quality, cost-effective medical care. The gap between knowledge and practice - that many “good” innovations simply do not diffuse far enough or fast enough - frequently is cited as a major problem facing U.S. health care.